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Adolf Loos, Tristan Tzara House, Paris, (1926)

The modern-style house was built in 1926 by Austrian architect Adolf Loos for the poet & writer Tristan Tzara - opportunist, radical artist, activist, founder of the Cabaret Voltaire, enemy of the Surrealists, Romanian, and the founding father of Dadaism – and his wife, the painter, Knitson. The rigidly functionalist Maison Tristan Tzara, built in Montmartre, was designed following Tzara’s specific requirements and decorated with samples of African art. It was Loos’ only major contribution in his Parisian years.

"The inner complexity of the plan was a topical Loosian solution for a difficult site. The complexity had its wit, as did the strangely highly-abstracted anthropomorphism of the facade, or the use of the commonplace Parisian industrial detailing in the lower floors, the shape of the lower niche, again the inversion of his favorite English bay-window. It is a configuration not unlike Le Corbusier’s exactly contemporary villa at Garches for Leo Stein: a blank facade, sparsely pierced to the street, and an open, glazed frame towards the terraces and gardens at the back. But Loos’s complexity always remains hard, the spaces are never moulded, never the plastic, shaped interiors which Corbusier made them."